Accusative Case in German: An easy guide for beginners

 

accusative articles german

In this lesson we will learn about the definite and indefinite articles that are governed by the dative case and learn how to use them with the indirect object and after dative prepositions. German articles and pronouns in the genitive and dative cases directly indicate the actions of owning and giving without needing additional words (indeed, this is their function), which can make German sentences appear confusing to English-speaking learners. Learn all about the accusative case in German with this free online lesson, including easy-to-follow kerlati.cf will know from your nominative case lesson that the subject of a sentence is always in the nominative case. So, what about the second of the German grammatical cases? .


Accusative Case German "den"


In German, there are many different articles. If you grew up speaking English, and have never studied grammar extensively, you may not be aware of what grammatical cases mean for a sentence or how to use them.

However, accusative articles german explanation of English pronouns can provide an easy demonstration of case changes, which will make the German cases a whole lot easier to understand. What changes in these sentences? The change in cases from nominative to accusative means that the pronoun referring to the man changes.

In the first sentence above, the man is the subject of accusative articles german sentence. Accusative articles german is the one doing the action petting to the dog. The nominative word in a sentence is the subject: the person or thing that is doing the action indicated by the verb.

The dog, having an action done to it, is accusative in the first sentence, accusative articles german. The accusative word in a sentence is the direct object: the person or thing that is being acted upon.

In the second sentence, the dog is now the subject, and the man is accusative. When you use the wrong case in German, it accusative articles german equally confusing and wrong. Er is nominative in the first sentence, and the man becomes accusative in the second sentence, switching to ihn. But what happens if we accusative articles german these sentences to be about a woman? The female pronoun does not actually change in the accusative case—it is exactly the same as the nominative.

You can use sie she, her, they for both sentences here. So, accusative articles german, just as the female sie is the same in accusative and nominative case, the plural sie is also the same in both cases. The neutral pronoun, es italso remains the same in nominative and accusative, accusative articles german. This is the same as sie she, her, they. These two should be fairly easy to keep track of.

Ich I becomes mich me. Pretty straightforward. Er streichelt den Hund. He pets the dog. The dog bites him. Der Hund is straightforward enough. Dog is a masculine noun in German, and masculine nouns use der as their definite article, or ein as their indefinite article:. The same thing happens when we put the indefinite article in these sentences: we recognize ein Hund a dogbut what about einen Hund?

The explanation for this change in accusative articles german article is that the case of Hund changes. Just as the man changes, in the second sentence, from nominative to accusative position, so does the dog, from accusative to nominative. When the dog changed from being the thing being acted upon in the sentence to the subject, it changed from accusative to nominative. The nominative articles for German nouns are the ones you may have already learned if you are a German beginner:.

It turns out that, in fact, only masculine nouns actually change pronouns in accusative case. So you only need to worry about new articles when masculine nouns are involved. This has been a quick introduction to what the German nominative and accusative cases look like, what they mean, and how to use them. Simple foundational rules like these will be useful to know once you really start getting into learning German grammar. Accusative articles german can hover over any word for contextual definitions and multiple examples.

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Navigation German Language and Culture Blog. By Jill, accusative articles german. Can you find the difference between the two bolded words in the following sentences? Need another hint?

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Accusative Case in German Grammar – Complete Declension Tables

 

accusative articles german

 

Learn all about the accusative case in German with this free online lesson, including easy-to-follow kerlati.cf will know from your nominative case lesson that the subject of a sentence is always in the nominative case. So, what about the second of the German grammatical cases? . In this lesson we will learn about the definite and indefinite articles that are governed by the dative case and learn how to use them with the indirect object and after dative prepositions. German articles and pronouns in the genitive and dative cases directly indicate the actions of owning and giving without needing additional words (indeed, this is their function), which can make German sentences appear confusing to English-speaking learners.